Beauty & Spa Learning Place

Massage Technique : Friction (Compression-Rubbing Movement)


Friction is also a form of Petrissage. They are concentrated movements exerting controlled pressure on a small area of the surface tissues, moving them over te underlying structures.

Friction Movement includes:

  • Circular friction movements are usually employed on the scalp, arms and hands.
  • Light circular friction movements are generally used on the face and neck
  • They are small movements performed ith the finger pads. They may be performed in a circuar manner or straight as in a scissor movement
  • Chucking, rolling and wringing are variation of friction, which are employed principally to massage the limbs.


  • The skin, superficial and deeper tissues are all stimulated to further activity, improving cellular functions ad regeneration
  • Desquamation removed surface cellular matter and leaves the skin clear, refreshed and refined
  • Prevent the formation of the skin adhesions
  • Free adhesions or prevent their formation in deeper structures
  • Prevent the formation of fibrositis in muscular tissue if applied regularly, particularly in the trapezius muscle of the upper back
  • Aids absorption of fluid around the joints, particularly swelling (edema) in the ankle area. This may only be applied if te condition is medically checked, and attributed to poor circulation, tiredness, etc., and is not connected to any ssytemic condition

Pratical Care

  • The movements are applied in a circular manner with te thumb pad of the palm, the fingers, or the distal phalanx of the thumb
  • It completes several small circles over a limited area, placing a degree if stretch on the underlying structures
  • The pressure is then relaxed as the hand moves on to an adjacent area without losing contact
  • The movement may be applied along a muscle or be more generally applied, for as its purpose is to produce a stretching releasing effect on tissues

|  Introduction   |  Indication   |  Cosmetic Texture   |  Massage Technique   |  Effleurage   |  Petrissage   |  Friction   |  Tapotement   |  Vibration   |  Reminder for Therapist   |
© 2004